1. Understand the statement: “Plants and other autotrophs are the primary producers of the biosphere”.  Be able to compare and contrast autotrophs and heterotrophs.
  2. Where does photosynthesis occur in the cells of autotrophs (plants, bacteria, algae)?
  3. Present the overall summarizing reaction of photosynthesis.  What ultimately is being oxidized?  What ultimately is being reduced?
  4. Be familiar with the anatomy of photosynthesis (i.e. where do the light reactions and the Calvin Cycle of photosynthesis occur?).   How do the light reactions and the Calvin Cycle cooperate to convert light energy into food?
  5. Be familiar with the general properties of the sun's electromagnetic spectrum of radiation.  Be familiar with the action spectrum for photosynthesis.   What is a photosystem and where is it located in the chloroplast? What is the function of accessory photosynthetic pigments like the carotenoids?
  6. Be familiar with the following concepts concerning the light reactions of photosynthesis:
  7. Be able to summarize the Calvin cycle with respect to the following concepts:
  8. What is the function of leaf stomata?
  9. What is photorespiration and why does it occur in plants under hot and arid conditions?  Describe the alternate biochemical pathways that some plants have evolved as adaptations to living in hot/arid conditions (C4 pathway and Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM)).