- Understand the statement: “Plants and
are the primary producers of the biosphere”. Be able to compare
contrast autotrophs and heterotrophs.
- Where does photosynthesis occur in the
(plants, bacteria, algae)?
- Present the overall summarizing reaction
What ultimately is being oxidized? What ultimately is
- Be familiar with the anatomy of
where do the light reactions and the Calvin Cycle of
occur?). How do the light reactions and the Calvin Cycle
to convert light energy into food?
- Be familiar with the general properties
electromagnetic spectrum of radiation. Be familiar with the action
spectrum for photosynthesis. What is a photosystem and
where is it located in the chloroplast? What is the function of
accessory photosynthetic pigments like the carotenoids?
- Be familiar with the following concepts
the light reactions of photosynthesis:
Be able to summarize the Calvin cycle
to the following concepts:
- How do photosystems harness the energy
- How is water involved in non-cyclic
- Describe the chemiosmotic
synthesis during cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation.
Describe the structure of the thylakoid membranes in chloroplasts as it
relates to the chemiosmotic model.
- How is NADPH produced during
flow and what is the general function of NADPH in photosynthesis?
- How is cyclic electron flow
non-cyclic electron flow?
What is the function of leaf stomata?
What is photorespiration and why
does it occur in plants under hot and arid conditions?
biochemical pathways that some plants have evolved as adaptations to
in hot/arid conditions (C4 pathway and Crassulacean
Acid Metabolism (CAM)).
- What do we mean by carbon fixation?
- How are CO2 , ATP and
in this pathway?
- How are the sugars produced
used in a plant cell?
- What is the importance of the enzyme Rubisco