Structure and Function of
- What is an organic molecule?
- Why is carbon so versatile as the backbone for organic compounds?
- Be able to distinguish basic classes of organic compounds based
groups, e.g. alcohols, acids, amines, sulf-hydryls,
- What is the importance of functional groups to organic molecules
- How is water involved in condensation (dehydration synthesis)
reactions. How do these reaction result in the build up and
- Be familiar with the 4 main classes of organic compounds (carbohydrates,
lipids, proteins, nucleic acids) which make up organisms? Be
able to name and recognize the basic units or monomers of each (monosaccharides,
fatty acids, amino acids, nucleotides), their polymers (polysaccharides,
fats/oils/sterols, polypeptides, polynucleotides) and the major
for each class in living systems.
- Why are proteins so structurally complex? How does
complexity contribute to their functions in living systems?
- How do nucleic acids encode the genetic material for
What nitrogenous bases are used in DNA? RNA?