Basics of Cell Form and Function
- Have a basic understanding of the following techniques used by
Why are cells usually microscopic in size (the surface area to
Be familiar with the major features that distinguish eukaryotic
and prokaryotic cells.
Be familiar with the structures and functions of the following
and cell structures:
- Light Microscopy
- Electron Microscopy
- Cell Fractionation - Using centrifugation to separate
for their study.
- What types of information can be gained from using these
well as the limitations of each.
Which of these organelles are part of the endomembrane system
What is the role of these endomembrane organelles in the
modification of membrane-bound secretory proteins?
What are the components of the cell cytoskeleton (e.g.. microtubules,
intermediate filaments, microfilaments) and what some of their
roles in cell support and motility?
Describe the general characteristics of the cell wall of
Describe the structure and function of the following
junctions: plasmodesmata, gap junctions, tight junctions,
- plastids (chloroplasts)
- rough endoplasmic reticulum (rough ER)
- smooth endoplasmic reticulum (smooth ER)
- golgi apparatus
- transport vesicles
- What is the Fluid Mosaic Model of membrane structure?
- Have a basic understanding of the molecular organization of the
(phospholipids, membrane proteins, membrane carbohydrates, and
What is diffusion and what properties of molecules can
the passive diffusion of molecules across membranes?
- What is the role of each membrane component?
What is the physiologic importance of active transport?
- What is osmosis?
- How do plant and animal cells respond to hypertonic,
- What is facilitated diffusion and how is this process
from passive diffusion and active transport?
Be familiar with processes such as phagocytosis, endocytosis,
and receptor mediated endocytosis.
- What is an electrogenic pump?
- How do electrogenic pumps such as the Na+/K+ ATPase and
pumps generate a membrane potential?