Animal and Human Experimentation

Problems/Case Studies

"Bad Blood:" A Case Study of the Tuskegee Syphilis Project". Ann W. Fourtner, Charles R. Fourtner, and Clyde F. Herreid, University at Buffalo. State University of New York at Buffalo’s National Center for Case Study Teaching
The ethics of human experimentation are explored in this case about the infamous syphilis studies performed at the Tuskegee Institute from the 1930s to the 1960s.
This case could be used in any course that explores the ethics of science.
Articles in "Taking Sides"

"Should Animal Experimentation be Permitted??" Levine, Carol. Taking Sides: Science, Technology, and Society, 6th AND 11th edition.

Issue Summary:

"Is Sham Surgery Ethically Acceptable in Clinical Research?" Levine, Carol. Taking Sides: Bioethical Issues, eleventh edition.
Issue Summary:

"Scientists question cloning research".  Elias, Paula.  Post and Courier.  December 14, 2005.
University of Pittsburgh researcher Gerald Schatten demands being taken off of a Science article that details creating stem cell colonies for 11 patients through cloning.  Another author, Hwang Woo-suk is being questioned for the validity of the article due to some ethical and data reporting issues.   The first event that brought the author under scrutiny was collecting eggs from subordinate scientists, considered unethical.  Schatten maintains that the findings were valid.  The assertion that 11 stem cell colonies are growing must be false due to the fact that each colony must come from a separate individual but some of the colonies do not seem to be from unique individuals.

"British embryo screening raises issues".  Cheng, Maria.  Post and Courier.  August 10, 2006.
Britain now allows couples to screen embryos for genes that raise the risk for developing cancer, called preimplantation genetic diagnosis.  Critics say that technology is moving forward faster than society's ability to pace it.  This new screening is different because, unlike screening for cystic fibrosis, the genes do not mean that cancer is imminent.  Some are called for an international consensus on screening.

Internet Resources

Beyond Discovery
Beyond Discovery: The Path from Research to Human Benefit is a series of articles that trace the origins of important recent technological and medical advances. Each story reveals the crucial role played by basic science, the applications of which could not have been anticipated at the time the original research was conducted.